Bunion Pain Relief and Treatment

Bunion Pain Relief and Treatment

Bunions are abnormal bony growths at the base of the big toe that have the potential to cause a lot of foot pain. Bunions may also lead to other foot problems if left untreated.

The Cause of Bunions
For some people, bunions run in the family or develop because of deformities present at birth. For most people, though, bunions result from:
Degeneration of joints in the foot because of age or other conditions, like arthritisYears of wearing ill-fitting shoes (usually high-heeled shoes with pointed toes)
In both cases, impact transferred from the heel pushes toes together. Over time, the big toe may deviate, pushing the first bone in the big toe against the metatarsal bone behind it, creating the hump.

The increased pressure and friction in shoes created by the presence of bunions can contribute to other conditions that cause foot pain, such as hammertoes and calluses.

Bunion Treatment at the Source
Improperly fitting shoes are the most common cause of bunions. So it makes sense that the right shoes may be the best treatment for bunions. To effectively provide bunion pain relief, shoes must provide:
Ample toe roomSufficient cushioningRigid support
The patented technology and innovative design of Z-CoiL?(R) Pain Relief Footwear?(R) provides everything you need for bunion treatment:
An extra wide toe boxDurable comfort liningA built-in orthotic
Z-CoiL shoes provide immediate bunion pain relief as well as complete foot care to prevent future injury or complications.

Listen to Your Feet
Bunions may be the result of years of foot abuse. It's time to give your feet the care they need, so you can get the bunion pain relief you want.

Try Z-CoiL shoes risk-free for 30 days. Find the style that fits you, and contact us to order or find a Z-CoiL distributor near you. If your shoes do not deliver the bunion pain relief you expected, we'll take them back, no questions asked.

The wrong shoes may cause bunions, but the right shoes can treat them.
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Claw Toe-OrthoInfo - AAOS

Claw Toe-OrthoInfo - AAOS
Copyright 2012 American Academy of Orthopaedic SurgeonsClaw ToePeople often blame the common foot deformity claw toe on wearing shoes that squeeze your toes, such as shoes that are too short or high heels. However, claw toe also is often the result of nerve damage caused by diseases like diabetes or alcoholism, which can weaken the muscles in your foot. Having claw toe means your toes "claw," digging down into the soles of your shoes and creating painful calluses. Claw toe gets worse without treatment and may become a permanent deformity over time.
SymptomsYour toes are bent upward (extension) from the joints at the ball of the foot.Your toes are bent downward (flexion) at the middle joints toward the sole of your shoe.Sometimes your toes also bend downward at the top joints, curling under the foot.Corns may develop over the top of the toe or under the ball of the foot.Top of pageEvaluation
If you have symptoms of a claw toe, see your doctor for evaluation. You may need certain tests to rule out neurological disorders that can weaken your foot muscles, creating imbalances that bend your toes. Trauma and inflammation can also cause claw toe deformity.
Top of pageTreatment
Claw toe deformities are usually flexible at first, but they harden into place over time. If you have claw toe in early stages, your doctor may recommend a splint or tape to hold your toes in correct position. Additional advice:
Wear shoes with soft, roomy toe boxes and avoid tight shoes and high-heels.Use your hands to stretch your toes and toe joints toward their normal positions.Exercise your toes by using them to pick up marbles or crumple a towel laid flat on the floor.
If you have claw toe in later stages and your toes are fixed in position:
A special pad can redistribute your weight and relieve pressure on the ball of your foot.Try special "in depth" shoes that have an extra 3/8" depth in the toe box.Ask a shoe repair shop to stretch a small pocket in the toe box to accommodate the deformity.
If these treatments do not help, you may need surgery to correct the problem.
Top of pageLast reviewed: September 2012

Co-Developed by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society

AAOS does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products, or physicians referenced herein. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice. Anyone seeking specific orthopaedic advice or assistance should consult his or her orthopaedic surgeon, or locate one in your area through the AAOS "Find an Orthopaedist" program on this website.Copyright 2012 American Academy of Orthopaedic SurgeonsFoot and Ankle Exercise Conditioning Program

Download this PDFDownload this PDF(/PDFs/Rehab_Foot_and_Ankle_4.pdf)OrthoInfo
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
6300 N. River Road
Rosemont, IL 60018
Phone: 847.823.7186
Email: orthoinfo@aaos.org

Accessory Navicular Diagnosed & Treated by Foot Surgeons - Mercy in Baltimore

Accessory Navicular Diagnosed & Treated by Foot Surgeons - Mercy in Baltimore

Treatment of the accessory navicular begins with rest, which may include activity modification or temporary immobilization in a boot or a brace. Once the inflammation subsides the foot needs to be supported. The support consists of a specially designed orthotic arch support.

Occasionally, the orthotic will dig into the edge of the accessory navicular bone under the arch of the foot. This is very uncomfortable. For this reason the orthotic support needs to be carefully made. The orthotic support will help control (but not cure) the flat foot and will often decrease the inflammation on the navicular.

Once the navicular inflammation has lessened it is not necessary to perform surgery unless the foot becomes progressively flatter or continues to be painful. For these children, surgery can completely correct the problem by removing the accessory navicular bone and tightening up the posterior tibial tendon that attaches to the navicular bone.

The strength of this tendon is integral to the success of this surgery as well as the arch of the foot. Following surgery the child is able to begin walking on the foot (in a cast) at approximately two weeks. The cast is worn for an additional four weeks. A small soft ankle support brace is then put into the shoe and worn with activities and exercise for a further two months.

My Big TOE - Book Review | The Monroe Institute

My Big TOE - Book Review | The Monroe Institute

My Big TOEWritten by Thomas Campbell
Reviewed by Matthew Fike, PhD
Focus | Summer/Fall 2009

My Big TOE: A Trilogy Unifying Philosophy, Physics, and Metaphysics
My Big TOE: A Trilogy Unifying Philosophy, Physics, and Metaphysics. Book 1, Awakening (288 pp.); Book 2, Discovery (376 pp.); Book 3, Inner Workings (232 pp.). U.S.: Lightning Strike Books, 2003. $38.50 (hardcover); $33.50 (paperback); $25.50 (paperback, 3 vols. in 1).

The "TOE" in the title of Thomas Campbell's trilogy means Theory Of Everything: not only the philosophy, physics, and metaphysics mentioned in the subtitle but also the other physical sciences, the social sciences, mathematics, computer science, mind and matter, the normal and the paranormal. "It is the task of this trilogy," he writes, "to clearly and completely construct your consciousness, your world, your science, and your existence in a general, logical, scientific way that comprehensively explains all the personal and professional data you have collected during a lifetime" (author's emphasis). Less formally, My Big TOE is a "Reality 101" course, which presents a scientific basis for psi phenomena in a comprehensive pattern of cosmic unfolding. Although Campbell does not incorporate any data from psi research (the TOE is an objective edifice built on a foundation of his own subjective paranormal experiences), he successfully demonstrates the conclusion that "you are an individuated portion of a larger fractal pattern that constitutes All That Is within a digital virtual reality based upon evolving consciousness. . . ."

Each of the three volumes--Awakening, Discovery, and Inner Workings--is divided into two sections. Book 1 presents background on the author (physicist, psychic explorer) and then, in a section called "The Foundations of Reality," cautions against "belief traps" and introduces many of the basic concepts that the other volumes develop. Book 2 constitutes the main part of the TOE, which is summarized below. Book 3 discusses the mechanics of nonphysical reality, examines individual types of psychic functioning in light of the Big Picture, and caps off the trilogy by demonstrating that the TOE is in harmony with what Einstein and other thinkers imagined but did not completely formulate.

The author's account of his early years is by far the most engaging section. Campbell learned Transcendental MeditationSM while a graduate student in physics, and meditation not only helped him perform his academic work with greater ease and speed but also opened up a new reality for him. He developed, for example, the ability to see auras and to live in physical and nonphysical reality at the same time. Meditation thus led to a rebirth of the psi ability that he had enjoyed as a boy and later led him to Robert Monroe. Campbell's account of his contribution to Monroe's Whistlefield laboratory--he is the "TC (physicist)" mentioned in Far Journeys--is particularly valuable because it underscores the major assistance that Monroe received from scientists. Campbell and an electrical engineer named Dennis Mennerich were instrumental in helping Monroe set up his lab; it was Mennerich who gave him Gerald Oster's article, "Auditory Beats in the Brain" (Scientific American, October 1973), which led to Hemi-Sync(R) and The Monroe Institute(R); and Campbell and Mennerich played a key role as trainers in Monroe's first courses.

The substance of Campbell's TOE begins with two important assumptions: consciousness and evolution. He does not know where primordial consciousness or the One Source or Absolute Unbounded Oneness (AUO) came from, but he states that it is "the fundamental [digital] energy that is the media [sic] of reality." Evolution, the Fundamental Process of trial and error or what Campbell more colloquially calls "bootstrapping," moves toward greater "profitability" by increasing consciousness and decreasing entropy. These two assumptions reflect the limitations of Einstein's approach and suggest why he failed to create a Big TOE. In attempting to paint a Big Picture with Little Picture mathematics, he missed the fact that the fundamental field is nonphysical, consists of consciousness, transcends and encompasses space-time, and is digital.

When AUO realizes that it can change itself in the direction of greater awareness, evolution takes over and produces a series of fractals (defined by dictionary.com as "a geometric pattern that is repeated at ever smaller scales"; so as in a hologram, a part contains a pattern of the whole). AUO evolves Absolute Unbounded Manifold (AUM), which is "aware, active, purposeful" and constitutes a "brilliant love consciousness." From here, evolution leads to the Even Bigger Computer, The Big Computer (TBC), multiple nonphysical-matter realities (NPMR), a subset called NPMR, Our System, physical-matter reality (PMR, where space-time exists with its various rules such as the speed of light), the Earth, human beings, computers, and (probably someday) computers designed and created by computers. In other words, these stages of consciousness development are "stacked simultaneous virtual realities each in their [sic] own dimension." Homologies abound (AUM is to us as we are to computers, etc.).

The purpose of evolution in this fractal system is the development of consciousness. AUM evolved us to enhance the quality of its consciousness, and we come to PMR to evolve our own. To that end, we must engage our free will to move us away from lower-energy-consciousness states (ignorance, fear, ego) toward higher-energy-consciousness states (knowledge, wisdom, love). PMR is a great place for humans to achieve this kind of spiritual growth because choices result in feedback/consequences. Meanwhile, our oversouls stay in NPMR, provide guidance, and record every action, thought, and emotion (think life review). In addition, the digital nature of consciousness enables our minds to travel between dimensions, investigate alternative pasts and futures in TBC, communicate instantaneously on the Reality Wide Web (RWW), and manifest a variety of other psi phenomena. The "psi uncertainty principle," however, makes psychic experiences hard to validate from a scientific standpoint because it "masks the causal mechanics and denies the efficacy and perfect repeatability of psi effects." As a result, the psi uncertainty principle maintains PMR's "growth-optimizing balance."

On a journey through this difficult material, the reader will encounter a variety of unusual and helpful features in Campbell's trilogy. Each volume contains the same table of contents, preface, and foreword (two-thirds of the table of contents is dimly printed so that a given volume's material stands out). The chapters include asides (in a different font and marked with arrowheads) that stand in for footnotes, give the reader a break from the heavy going, and provide helpful analogies or illustrations. A summary of previous volume(s) appears at the beginning of volumes 2 and 3. And the trilogy's Web site, where readers can participate in a discussion group, e-mail the author, or report problems with the books, is printed at the bottom of every page (www.My-Big-TOE.com).

An even more unusual feature is that Campbell works hard to create his readers. The typical reader, who is a nonscientist with an analytical Western mind, needs linear argumentation in order to accept the TOE's conclusion about evolving consciousness. Campbell counsels the reader to shed belief traps and to embrace open-minded skepticism, patience, hard work, and determination over time. Most of all, he creates a reader who is an interlocutor. Because of the sometimes borderline-technical nature of the material, the text is often conversational: Campbell anticipates the reader's questions, objections, fatigue, and need for summary and recapitulation.

All of this is to the good, but the trilogy does not always rise to the high standard that it seeks to achieve. As one might expect in a self-published series, there are lower-order errors throughout the three volumes. These include occasional spelling mistakes, regular omission of hyphens and apostrophes, frequent comma splices, and (especially annoying) omnipresent subject-verb agreement errors. The most embarrassing lower-order error for the physicist-author appears in the key to abbreviations in book 1, where C, the speed of light, is defined as 186,000 miles per hour.

On the higher order, a series that purports to develop a "theory of everything," but does not do so, fails to fulfill its fundamental objective. Unfortunately, the latter is the case in the TOE trilogy. Consider the contradictions in Campbell's treatment of religion. He condescendingly equates religion's substantive contribution to believers' consciousness with "giving a starving person a rubber chicken," and he dismisses the notion that religious organizations can help their members reduce the entropy of their consciousness as, "for the most part, wishful thinking." For Campbell, religion is all about "ritual, dogma, closed-mindedness, hate, and violence"--all functions of the ego. But how can such negativity be the final word if religion espouses love, which is the author's definition of high-quality consciousness? And what about the unacknowledged similarities between the TOE and religious formulations? For example, if NPMR has a CEO whom Campbell dubs The Big Cheese, if there are guides who help us and "negative beings that can lead us to ruin," and if human beings "are created in AUM's image," how are these details not analogous, respectively, to God, angels, demons, and the notion that human beings are created in God's image? These analogies illustrate principles that Campbell eventually affirms--the "wonderful wisdom and insight that flows [sic] from the great religions and spiritual traditions of the world" and the fact that "all spiritual paths converge on the same absolute truths by means of reducing ego and fear." But after criticizing and dismissing religion's contribution to consciousness and excluding religion from the TOE, Campbell's claim--that the trilogy provides "a sound theoretical basis for understanding . . . theological . . . enigmas," as if religion has been part of the TOE all along--rings a bit false. This aporia suggests that the author succumbs to the belief trap that he counsels readers to eschew. Although he ultimately reaches the right conclusion, it is unsupported by argument and undermined by his earlier prejudices. If "Uncle Tom," the Big TOE Guy, can fall prey to such belief perseverance, surely the rest of us have plenty of impediments to overcome.

My Big TOE may not be perfectly written or completely consistent, but Campbell has some important things to teach us about evolving our consciousness to the point where psi phenomena begin to happen. Given our connection through mind to NPMR, the key task is to begin to shift from intellectual awareness that comes, say, from reading My Big TOE, to personal experience through meditation (book 1, chapter 23, provides an excellent set of instructions). Campbell espouses a "consistent plodding in the generally right direction," not drug use to leap ahead prematurely. If one meditates and makes consciousness-enhancing, entropy-reducing choices, improved consciousness/being will eventually yield psi effects as a byproduct. After exploring NPMR in small increments, one can then enjoy "tasting the pudding," which means applying objective measures to one's own subjective experience--a fractal, as it were, of Campbell's procedure in My Big TOE. Finally, the last thing that the author wants is for us to regard him as a guru; so as the trilogy comes to a close, he leaves us with advice that sounds much like his mentor, Monroe: "At the core, you are consciousness: you have access to all the answers--go find them for yourself and they will make you whole."

Matthew Fike is an associate professor of English at Winthrop University in Rock Hill, S.C.

Hemi-Sync(R) is a registered trademark of Interstate Industries, Inc.
(C) 2009 by The Monroe Institute

Bunions - what causes painful bunions to develop?

Bunions - what causes painful bunions to develop?

What causes painful bunions to develop?
Contrary to popular belief, bunions are not caused by tight shoes. Tight shoes can cause bunions to be painful, but the cause is actually a lifelong instability in the way the foot functions. A muscle imbalance occurs eventually pulling the great toe toward the second toe and the metatarsal bone behind it moves the other way. The boney prominence that you see is the normal contour of the metatarsal bone. Again, it's the normal bone, but in an abnormal position.


Read a Transcription of the Bunion Video here

Bunions can be hereditary. Stop and think about if someone in your family also has this condition. If your parents or grandparents have bunions, there's a good chance that you'll develop them as well. The good news is you can take steps to prevent the occurrence of bunions or at least slow down the progression by addressing your inherited instability, usually with custom orthotics. Custom-molded orthotics keep your foot in the correct position- delaying or even preventing the development of bunions. Our podiatrists takes impressions of your feet in their most stable position. The molds are sent to the lab where your custom-molded orthotics are produced.

Custom-molded orthotics are one way to help prevent bunions from developing. If, bunions do develop, there are treatment options to keep you comfortable. Click on the link below to find out the latest treatment options available.

Treatment options for bunions

´╗┐Plantar Fasciitis Night Splint

Plantar fasciitis means inflammation of your plantar fascia Your plantar fascia is a physically powerful band of tissue like a muscle that stretches from your heel to your focus foot bones. It supports the arch of your foot and too acts as a shock absorber in your foot. Plantar fasciitis is common. About 1 in 10 people will find plantar fasciitis at some time in their life. It is the majority common in people between the ages of 40 to 60 years. However, it can happen at any age. It is twice as frequent in women as men. It is too common in athletes.

Tears of the plantar fascia are a less commonly found injury than either a heel spur or plantar fasciitis. They usually involve larger and more abrupt forces than the forces which allow for plantar fasciitis to develop. High speed activity develop these forces more often. The force needs to be applied to the ball of the foot. Sprinting places the foot in a position in which this could happen. Soft shoes that bend in the arch may contribute. Plantar fascia tears may also occur in baseball or softball players when sliding in to a base with the foot making contact with the base.

Stretches for plantar fasciitis requires holding onto a countertop or table and squatting down slowly with the knees bent. The heels of both feet must be kept in contact with the floor while squatting. After 10 seconds, straighten up and relax. The stretch is felt as the heels start to raise off the ground. Repeat this exercise 15-20 times. Stretching the Achilles tendon requires leaning into a wall. Place one leg back behind the other leg. Keep the back knee straight with the heel on the ground while bending the front knee. Again, after 10 seconds, straighten up and relax. Repeat this exercise 15-20 times with both legs.

Most people experience pain on the heel when they wake up in the morning and begin to walk. There is less pain and stiffness after a while; however, the pain may increase during the day. The pain can occur when you stand or sit for a long time too. The illness is caused when there is strain on the ligament that provides support to the arch. Tiny ligament tears are caused when there are repeated strains resulting in swelling and pain. Continued stretching of the plantar fascia can result in heel spur which is a bone-like development on the heel. Flat feet or high arches can be a cause.

The main question I get from runners is "can I run with plantar fasciitis?" The answer is yes, provided it has been diagnosed as plantar fasciitis. As I said earlier, plantar fasciitis is by far the most common form of heel pain, however there are other causes. Certain things can mimic the symptoms of plantar fasciitis, such as stress fractures on the heel bone, bone tumors, and bone cysts, or weak areas. The difference is that they are usually more painful when you run and will not subside (but instead get worse) while you are walking or running. A fractured heel bone will definitely interrupt your training schedule.plantar fasciitis exercises

X-rays of the heel can oftentimes show calcifications within the Achilles tendon at its insertion site or calcifications on the bottom of the calcaneus near the insertion of the plantar fascia. The first exercise involves facing a wall and having your feet flat on the floor with your toes approximately 12 to 15 inches from the wall. At this point, keeping your heel flat against the floor, one must lean into the wall and touch their chest against the wall and hold the stretch for approximately one minute. The ideal angle for the bottom of the foot should be 45 degrees.

Itis" normally relates to the inflaming of a definite part of the body, so Bursitis refers to the sustained irritation of the natural cushion that holds the heel of the foot or the bursa. Plantar bursitis is oftentimes linked with Plantar Fasciitis which affects the arch and heel of the foot. Plantar Fasciitis is caused by inflammation of the tissues associated to the heel bone, anticipated to radical pulls and stretches of the fibrous bands that support the arch of the foot. Prolongation of this irritation can lead to heel pain, arch pain or a bony growth on the bottom of the heel bone called a "heel spur".

Night splints usually are designed to keep a person's ankle in a neutral position overnight. Most individuals naturally sleep with the feet plantar-flexed, a position that causes the plantar fascia to be in a foreshortened position. A night dorsiflexion splint allows passive stretching of the calf and the plantar fascia during sleep. Theoretically, it also allows any healing to take place while the plantar fascia is in an elongated position, thus creating less tension with the first step in the morning. A night splint can be molded from plaster or fiberglass casting material or may be a prefabricated, commercially produced plastic brace ( Figure 8 )

Someone will cause wear and tear on their plantar fascia at the insertion on the heal bone, and at night this strain is relieved when they lie horizontally and allow their feet to go limp. From this orientation, their foot and leg are in a position totally different from the one found through much of the day. This relaxed position causes the plantar fascia to become similar to a relaxed rubber band. With all of the healing that occurs during sleep being destroyed every morning, the restorative nature of sleep is no longer found in the heel, and the pain continues.

In case you simply don't need to invest some cash on the night splint, you may create the plantar fasciitis night splint on your own using ace dressing and also something related. In fact, we don't advise that, due to the fact it could lead to some injury when you can't make it properly. First of all, you need to be aware to the force, too much force will result in side result. Because the foot is indeed essential to your day-to-day existence, you ought to be much more cautious whenever you decide to do the cure.plantar fasciitis shoes
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